Screening and dereplication of microbial natural products extracts

Maria Månsson, Nikolaj Grønnegaard Vynne, Matthias Wietz, Lone Gram, Kristian Fog Nielsen, Thomas Ostenfeld Larsen

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Abstract

Cosmopolitan occurrence of a lot of antibiotics and other bioactives among microorganisms, stresses the need for efficient of dynamic screening and dereplication methods to avoid redundancy in isolation of compounds. Exploring our large collection of marine bacteria collected during the Galathea 3 expedition,1 we use a combination of chemical profiling2 and explorative solid-phase extraction (E-SPE)3 to assess the bacteria’s potential to produce new and interesting molecules. We found the use of chemical profiling by LC-UV/MS very useful for marine bacteria such as Vibrio4 and Pseudoalteromonas.5 It enabled the grouping of similar strains at species and subspecies level disregarding geographical sampling locations. However, intraspecies differences were still observed. In P. luteoviolacea5 and V. coralliilyticus6 some of the differences were related to the production of antibacterial compounds. The chemical profile could be linked to a bioactivity profile using E-SPE,3 which through the use of three different ion-exchangers and a size-exclusion column gives information about the charge, size, and polarity of active components in an extract. This can be used to discriminate between possible candidates during dereplication and allows detailed mapping of bioactives.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2011
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventThe American Society of Pharmacognosy Annual Meeting 2011 - San Diego, United States
Duration: 30 Jul 20113 Aug 2011
Conference number: 52

Conference

ConferenceThe American Society of Pharmacognosy Annual Meeting 2011
Number52
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period30/07/201103/08/2011

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