Scour around coastal structures: A summary of recent research

B. Mutlu Sumer, J. S. Whiteouse, A. Tørum

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review


This paper summarizes the results of the European Union Marine Science and Technology (EU MAST) III project "Scour Around Coastal Structures" (SCARCOST). The summary is presented under three headings: (1) Introduction; (2) Flow and scour processes with the subheadings: flow and scour processes around vertical cylinders; flow and scour processes at detached breakwaters; flow and scour processes at submerged breakwaters; and the effect of turbulence on sediment transport; and (3) Sediment behaviour close to the structure with the subheadings: field measurement and analysis of wave-induced pore pressures and effective stresses around a bottom seated cylinder; non-linear soil modelling with respect to wave-induced pore pressures and gradients; wave-induced pressures on the bottom for non-linear coastal waves, including also wave kinematics; development of a numerical model (linear soil modelling) to calculate wave-induced pore pressures-the effect of liquefaction on sediment transport; penetration of blocks in non-consolidated fine soil, and cyclic stiffness of loose sand. The paper also includes a discussion of the role of scale effects in laboratory testing and the applicability of the results obtained in supporting engineering design. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCoastal Engineering
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)153-190
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Scour
  • Erosion
  • Waves
  • Current
  • Marine structures
  • Coastal structures
  • Breakwaters
  • Piles
  • Pile groups
  • Armour blocks
  • Liquefaction
  • Sediment
  • Soil
  • Turbulence


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