Scanning tunneling microscopy in TTF-TCNQ: Phase and amplitude modulated charge density waves

Z.Z. Wang, J.C. Gorard, C. Pasquier, D. Jerome, K. Bechgaard

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    Charge density waves (CDWs) have been studied at the surface of a cleaved tetrathiafulvalene-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TTF-TCNQ) single crystal using a low temperature scanning tunneling microscope (STM) under ultrahigh-vacuum conditions, between 300 and 33 K with molecular resolution. All CDW phase transitions of TTF-TCNQ have been identified. The measurement of the modulation wave vector along the a direction provides evidence of the existence of domains comprising single plane wave modulated structures in the temperature regime where the transverse wave vector of the CDW is temperature dependent, as hinted by the theory more than 20 years ago.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPhysical Review B Condensed Matter
    Issue number12
    Pages (from-to)121401
    Number of pages4
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

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