SC Power leads and cables - Nominal Current Test Performance of 2 kA-Class High-Tc Superconducting Cable Conductors and Its Implications for Cooling Systems for Utility Cables

D. W. A Willen, M. Daumling, C. N. Rasmussen, Chresten Træholt, Søren Krüger Olsen, Carsten Rasmussen, Kim Høj Jensen, Jacob Østergaard, Anders Kyhle, Ole Tønnesen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The current carrying performance of 3-10 m long superconducting cable conductor models has been evaluated. A reduced energy loss compared to conventional cables can be obtained using high-Tc superconducting materials due to the limited resistive and ac hysteresis losses in some conductor configurations. The conductors are characterised under dc and ac conditions. The current and voltage is recorded during the tests in order to determine the impedances and the losses of the cable models. Using a phase-sensitive measurement with two lock-in amplifiers, small losses can be accurately measured at high currents. The critical currents of these conductors are in the range of 1-3 kA, and ac losses smaller than 1 W/m are measured at 2 kArms. AC currents with peak values exceeding the dc critical currents are applied. Increased losses, in excess of the expected magnitization losses are observed when individual layers in the cables saturate. The loss-contributions from other components of the cable system are discussed,and the implications for the cooling apparatus for superconducting utility cables are determined.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvances in Cryogenic Engineering (Part A & B)
Volume45
Issue numberB
Pages (from-to)1501-1507
ISSN0065-2482
Publication statusPublished - 2000
EventCEC/ICMC Conference - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 12 Jul 199916 Jul 1999

Conference

ConferenceCEC/ICMC Conference
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period12/07/199916/07/1999

Cite this

Willen, D. W. A ; Daumling, M. ; Rasmussen, C. N. ; Træholt, Chresten ; Olsen, Søren Krüger ; Rasmussen, Carsten ; Jensen, Kim Høj ; Østergaard, Jacob ; Kyhle, Anders ; Tønnesen, Ole. / SC Power leads and cables - Nominal Current Test Performance of 2 kA-Class High-Tc Superconducting Cable Conductors and Its Implications for Cooling Systems for Utility Cables. In: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering (Part A & B). 2000 ; Vol. 45, No. B. pp. 1501-1507.
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title = "SC Power leads and cables - Nominal Current Test Performance of 2 kA-Class High-Tc Superconducting Cable Conductors and Its Implications for Cooling Systems for Utility Cables",
abstract = "The current carrying performance of 3-10 m long superconducting cable conductor models has been evaluated. A reduced energy loss compared to conventional cables can be obtained using high-Tc superconducting materials due to the limited resistive and ac hysteresis losses in some conductor configurations. The conductors are characterised under dc and ac conditions. The current and voltage is recorded during the tests in order to determine the impedances and the losses of the cable models. Using a phase-sensitive measurement with two lock-in amplifiers, small losses can be accurately measured at high currents. The critical currents of these conductors are in the range of 1-3 kA, and ac losses smaller than 1 W/m are measured at 2 kArms. AC currents with peak values exceeding the dc critical currents are applied. Increased losses, in excess of the expected magnitization losses are observed when individual layers in the cables saturate. The loss-contributions from other components of the cable system are discussed,and the implications for the cooling apparatus for superconducting utility cables are determined.",
author = "Willen, {D. W. A} and M. Daumling and Rasmussen, {C. N.} and Chresten Tr{\ae}holt and Olsen, {S{\o}ren Kr{\"u}ger} and Carsten Rasmussen and Jensen, {Kim H{\o}j} and Jacob {\O}stergaard and Anders Kyhle and Ole T{\o}nnesen",
year = "2000",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "1501--1507",
journal = "Advances in Cryogenic Engineering (Part A & B)",
issn = "0065-2482",
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number = "B",

}

SC Power leads and cables - Nominal Current Test Performance of 2 kA-Class High-Tc Superconducting Cable Conductors and Its Implications for Cooling Systems for Utility Cables. / Willen, D. W. A; Daumling, M.; Rasmussen, C. N.; Træholt, Chresten; Olsen, Søren Krüger; Rasmussen, Carsten; Jensen, Kim Høj; Østergaard, Jacob; Kyhle, Anders; Tønnesen, Ole.

In: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering (Part A & B), Vol. 45, No. B, 2000, p. 1501-1507.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - SC Power leads and cables - Nominal Current Test Performance of 2 kA-Class High-Tc Superconducting Cable Conductors and Its Implications for Cooling Systems for Utility Cables

AU - Willen, D. W. A

AU - Daumling, M.

AU - Rasmussen, C. N.

AU - Træholt, Chresten

AU - Olsen, Søren Krüger

AU - Rasmussen, Carsten

AU - Jensen, Kim Høj

AU - Østergaard, Jacob

AU - Kyhle, Anders

AU - Tønnesen, Ole

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - The current carrying performance of 3-10 m long superconducting cable conductor models has been evaluated. A reduced energy loss compared to conventional cables can be obtained using high-Tc superconducting materials due to the limited resistive and ac hysteresis losses in some conductor configurations. The conductors are characterised under dc and ac conditions. The current and voltage is recorded during the tests in order to determine the impedances and the losses of the cable models. Using a phase-sensitive measurement with two lock-in amplifiers, small losses can be accurately measured at high currents. The critical currents of these conductors are in the range of 1-3 kA, and ac losses smaller than 1 W/m are measured at 2 kArms. AC currents with peak values exceeding the dc critical currents are applied. Increased losses, in excess of the expected magnitization losses are observed when individual layers in the cables saturate. The loss-contributions from other components of the cable system are discussed,and the implications for the cooling apparatus for superconducting utility cables are determined.

AB - The current carrying performance of 3-10 m long superconducting cable conductor models has been evaluated. A reduced energy loss compared to conventional cables can be obtained using high-Tc superconducting materials due to the limited resistive and ac hysteresis losses in some conductor configurations. The conductors are characterised under dc and ac conditions. The current and voltage is recorded during the tests in order to determine the impedances and the losses of the cable models. Using a phase-sensitive measurement with two lock-in amplifiers, small losses can be accurately measured at high currents. The critical currents of these conductors are in the range of 1-3 kA, and ac losses smaller than 1 W/m are measured at 2 kArms. AC currents with peak values exceeding the dc critical currents are applied. Increased losses, in excess of the expected magnitization losses are observed when individual layers in the cables saturate. The loss-contributions from other components of the cable system are discussed,and the implications for the cooling apparatus for superconducting utility cables are determined.

M3 - Journal article

VL - 45

SP - 1501

EP - 1507

JO - Advances in Cryogenic Engineering (Part A & B)

JF - Advances in Cryogenic Engineering (Part A & B)

SN - 0065-2482

IS - B

ER -