Satellite and ground-based sensors for the Urban Heat Island analysis in the city of Rome

Roberto Fabrizi, Stefania Bonafoni, Riccardo Biondi

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearch

Abstract

In this work, the trend of the Urban Heat Island (UHI) of Rome is analyzed by both ground-based weather stations and a satellite-based infrared sensor. First, we have developed a suitable algorithm employing satellite brightness temperatures for the estimation of the air temperature belonging to the layer of air closest to the surface. UHI spatial characteristics have been assessed using air temperatures measured by both weather stations and brightness temperature maps from the Advanced Along Track Scanning Radiometer (AATSR) on board ENVISAT polar-orbiting satellite. In total, 634 daytime and nighttime scenes taken between 2003 and 2006 have been processed. Analysis of the Canopy Layer Heat Island (CLHI) during summer months reveals a mean growth in magnitude of 3-4 K during nighttime and a negative or almost zero CLHI intensity during daytime, confirmed by the weather stations. © 2010 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Keyword: Thermal pollution,Summer months,Advanced-along track scanning radiometers,Urban heat island,Remote sensing,Canopy layer,Atmospheric temperature,Ground based sensors,Weather information services,Satellite remote sensing,Infra-red sensor,Weather stations,Atmospheric humidity,Urban Heat Island,Luminance,Brightness temperatures,Polar-orbiting satellites,Geodetic satellites,Spatial characteristics,Heat island
Original languageEnglish
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume2
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)1400-1415
ISSN2072-4292
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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