Increasing marine land-based recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) and stricter environmental regulations, pose new challenges to the aquaculture industry on how to treat and dispose saline fish wastewater. The fish wastewater could be incorporated into biogas reactors, but currently, the effects of salinity on the biomethanation process are poorly known. This study aimed to assess the toxicity of fish wastewater with different salinities on the biomethanation process and to propose optimum co-digestion scenarios for maximal methane potential and safe use in biogas plants. Results showed that, depending on salinity and organic content, it is possible to efficiently co-digest from 3.22 to 61.85% fish wastewater (v/v, wastewater/manure) and improve the maximum methane production rate from 2.72 to 61.85%, respectively compared to cow manure mono-digestion. Additionally, salinity was identified as the main inhibitor of biomethanation process with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 4.37 g L-1, while sulphate reduction was identified as a secondary inhibitor.
- Biochemical methane potential
- Fish wastewater
- Saline effluents