Safety evaluation of the food enzyme β-galactosidase from the non-genetically modified Papiliotrema terrestris strain AE-BLC

EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes and Processing Aids (CEP)

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Abstract

The food enzyme β-galactosidase (β-d-galactoside galactohydrolase; EC 3.2.1.23) is produced with the non-genetically modified Papiliotrema terrestris strain AE-BLC by Amano Enzyme Inc. The food enzyme was considered free from viable cells of the production organism. It is intended to be used in the production of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) from lactose. Dietary exposure to the food enzyme–total organic solids (TOS) was estimated to be up to 0.441 mg TOS/kg body weight (bw) per day in European populations. Genotoxicity tests did not indicate a safety concern. The systemic toxicity was assessed by means of a repeated dose 90-day oral toxicity study in rats. The Panel identified a no observed adverse effect level of 1800 mg TOS/kg bw per day, the highest dose tested, which, when compared with the estimated dietary exposure, resulted in a margin of exposure of at least 4082. A search for the similarity of the amino acid sequence of the food enzyme to known allergens was made and no match was found. The Panel considered that a risk of allergic reactions upon dietary exposure to this food enzyme cannot be excluded, but the likelihood is low. Based on the data provided, the Panel concluded that this food enzyme does not give rise to safety concerns under the intended conditions of use.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere8515
JournalEFSA Journal
Volume22
Issue number1
Number of pages13
ISSN1831-4732
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • EC 3.2.1.23
  • Food enzyme
  • Lactase
  • Papiliotrema terrestris
  • β-d-galactoside galactohydrolase
  • β-Galactosidase

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