Safety-barrier diagrams as a tool for modelling safety of hydrogen applications

Nijs Jan Duijm, Frank Markert

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    Safety-barrier diagrams have proven to be a useful tool in documenting the safety measures taken to prevent incidents and accidents in process industry. Especially during the introduction of new hydrogen technologies or applications, as e.g. hydrogen refuelling stations, safety-barrier diagrams are considered a valuable supplement to other traditional risk analysis tools to support the communication with authorities and other stakeholders during the permitting process. Another advantage of safety-barrier diagrams is that they highlight the importance of functional and reliable safety barriers in any system and here is a direct focus on those barriers that need to be subject to safety management in terms of design and installation, operational use, inspection and monitoring, and maintenance. Safety-barrier diagrams support both quantitative and qualitative approaches. The paper will describe the background and syntax of the methodology and demonstrate the usefulness of such diagrams for hydrogen technologies
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
    Issue number14
    Pages (from-to)5862-5868
    Publication statusPublished - 2009


    • Safety management
    • Safety barriers
    • Risk analysis
    • Hydrogen


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