The oxidative dehydrogenation of benzylamine to benzonitrile was studied in batch and continuous flow processes using ruthenium dioxide catalysts with varying ruthenium loadings. Increased conversions were observed in the continuous flow process compared with the batch process (up to 100% in the flow process compared with up to 92% in the batch process), with increased selectivity to benzonitrile (82 and 65%, respectively) and benzonitrile yields (84 and 58%, respectively). The major by-product was N-benzylidenebenzylamine. The ruthenium loading in the catalyst was successfully optimised and the most active catalyst had a ruthenium loading of 2.5-3.5 wt%.
- Benzonitrile synthesis
- Effect of ruthenium loading
- Oxidative dehydrogenation of benzylamine
- Ruthenium dioxide