Role is in the eye of the beholder - the multiple functions of the antibacterial compound tropodithietic acid produced by marine Rhodobacteraceae

Nathalie N. S. E. Henriksen, Laura L. Lindqvist, Mario Wibowo, Eva C. Sonnenschein, Mikkel Bentzon-Tilia, Lone Gram*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

64 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Many microbial secondary metabolites have been studied for decades primarily because of their antimicrobial properties. However, several of these metabolites also possess non-antimicrobial functions, both influencing the physiology of the producer and their ecological neighbors. An example of a versatile bacterial secondary metabolite with multiple functions is the tropone derivative tropodithietic acid (TDA). TDA is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial compound produced by several members of the Rhodobacteraceae family, a major marine bacterial lineage, within the genera Phaeobacter, Tritonibacter and Pseudovibrio. The production of TDA is governed by the mode of growth and influenced by the availability of nutrient sources. The antibacterial effect of TDA is caused by disruption of the proton motive force of target microorganisms and, potentially, by its iron-chelating properties. TDA also acts as a signaling molecule, affecting gene expression in other bacteria, and altering phenotypic traits such as motility, biofilm formation, and antibiotic production in the producer. In microbial communities, TDA-producing bacteria cause a reduction of the relative abundance of closely related species and some fast-growing heterotrophic bacteria. Here, we summarize the current understanding of the chemical ecology of TDA, including the environmental niches of TDA-producing bacteria, and the molecular mechanisms governing the function and regulation of TDA.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberfuac007
JournalFEMS Microbiology Reviews
Volume46
Issue number3
Number of pages15
ISSN0168-6445
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Antimicrobials
  • Secondary metabolites
  • Rhodobacteraceae
  • Tropodithietic acid
  • Marine microbiomes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Role is in the eye of the beholder - the multiple functions of the antibacterial compound tropodithietic acid produced by marine Rhodobacteraceae'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this