With the integration of high penetration renewable energy sources (RESs) in distribution networks, the uncertainty of RES outputs brings a great challenge for the voltage regulation of distribution systems. This paper proposes a method based on robust model predictive control (RMPC) for voltage regulation by optimally coordinating the reactive power outputs of the RESs, energy storage systems and on-load tap changers (OLTCs). By considering the prediction error of the RES active outputs, the voltage regulation problem is formulated as a multitime period robust optimization model to obtain the optimal control actions in the prediction horizon. The control actions for the first time period are applied to the distribution network. Since the RMPC-based optimization model is nonlinear, it is linearized and transformed into a quadratic programming model that can be solved effectively by commercial software. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated in a real Finnish distribution network model.
|Journal||International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems|
|Number of pages||17|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jun 2020|
- Model predictive control
- Robust optimization
- Strong duality theory
- Voltage control