Robust 9-QAM digital recovery for spectrum shaped coherent QPSK signal

Bo Huang, Junwen Zhang, Jianjun Yu, Ze Dong, Xinying Li, Haiyan Ou, Nan Chi, Wen Liu

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    We propose 9-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (9-QAM) data recovery for polarization multiplexing-quadrature phase shift keying (PM-QPSK) signal in presence of strong filtering to approach Nyquist bandwidth. The decision-directed least radius distance (DD-LRD) algorithm for blind equalization is used for 9-QAM recovery and intersymbol interference (ISI) compression. It shows the robustness under strong filtering to recover 9-QAM signal rather than QPSK. We demonstrate 112 Gb/s spectrum shaped PM-QPSK signal by wavelength selective switch (WSS) in a 25-GHz channel spacing Nyquist wavelength division multiplexing (NWDM). The final equalized signal is detected by maximum likelihood sequence decision (MLSD) for data bit-error-ratio (BER) measurement. Optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) tolerance is improved by 0.5 dB at a BER of 1x10-3 compared to constant modulus algorithm (CMA) plus post-filter algorithm.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalOptics Express
    Issue number6
    Pages (from-to)7216-7221
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Bibliographical note

    This paper was published in Optics Express and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. The paper can be found at the following URL on the OSA website: Systematic or multiple reproduction or distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.


    • Algorithms
    • Blind equalization
    • Detector circuits
    • Intersymbol interference
    • Optical signal processing
    • Quadrature phase shift keying
    • Recovery
    • Quadrature amplitude modulation


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