Roadmap on quantum nanotechnologies

Arne Laucht*, Frank Hohls, Niels Ubbelohde, M. Fernando Gonzalez-Zalba, David J. Reilly, Søren Stobbe, Tim Schröder, Pasquale Scarlino, Jonne V. Koski, Andrew Dzurak, Chih Hwan Yang, Jun Yoneda, Ferdinand Kuemmeth, Hendrik Bluhm, Jarryd Pla, Charles Hill, Joe Salfi, Akira Oiwa, Juha T. Muhonen, Ewold VerhagenM. D. LaHaye, Hyun Ho Kim, Adam W. Tsen, Dimitrie Culcer, Attila Geresdi, Jan A. Mol, Varun Mohan, Prashant K. Jain, Jonathan Baugh

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReviewpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Quantum phenomena are typically observable at length and time scales smaller than those of our everyday experience, often involving individual particles or excitations. The past few decades have seen a revolution in the ability to structure matter at the nanoscale, and experiments at the single particle level have become commonplace. This has opened wide new avenues for exploring and harnessing quantum mechanical effects in condensed matter. These quantum phenomena, in turn, have the potential to revolutionize the way we communicate, compute and probe the nanoscale world. Here, we review developments in key areas of quantum research in light of the nanotechnologies that enable them, with a view to what the future holds. Materials and devices with nanoscale features are used for quantum metrology and sensing, as building blocks for quantum computing, and as sources and detectors for quantum communication. They enable explorations of quantum behaviour and unconventional states in nano- and opto-mechanical systems, low-dimensional systems, molecular devices, nano-plasmonics, quantum electrodynamics, scanning tunnelling microscopy, and more. This rapidly expanding intersection of nanotechnology and quantum science/technology is mutually beneficial to both fields, laying claim to some of the most exciting scientific leaps of the last decade, with more on the horizon.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number162003
    JournalNanotechnology
    Volume32
    Issue number16
    Number of pages49
    ISSN0957-4484
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2021

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2021 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd Printed in the UK

    Keywords

    • Nanotechnology
    • Quantum computing
    • Quantum electrodynamics
    • Quantum phenomena

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