Risk Landscape of Today: Mapping the present recognized risk in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden

Frank Markert, Ole Anders Holmvaag, Nils Johansson

Research output: Book/ReportReportResearch


This report is part of the FIRE21 deliverables WP3 Understanding the Risk Landscape from a fire and rescue service perspective – Today and in the Future. The aim for this WP is to create a perception of the Nordic risk landscape today and a projection of potential risk landscapes of the future starting from a global perspective. The focus is on risks specifically relevant for the fire and rescue service. The motivation for this is the following:

• The rapidly changing risk landscape means that there is a need to follow trends to be able to adopt any preventive and operational measures that may be necessary.
• The discourse about new challenges due to changing risk landscape in Europe appears primarily to be dominated by direct impacts due to climate changes as it is foreseen based on input from international assessments and foresight documents, e.g., from McKinsey Quarterly, Bloomberg, Boston Consulting and other reputable sources. Present climate descriptions and climate predictions will come from a combination of input from an ongoing project (Extreme-Index2) run by the Lund University, analysis of reports from Nordic meteorological institutes and findings from the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages126
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024


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