Risk factors for transmission of foot-and-mouth disease during an outbreak in southern England in 2007

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2011Researchpeer-review

Without internal affiliation

DOI

  • Author: Ellis-Iversen, Johanne

    Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency

  • Author: Smith, Richard Piers

    Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, United Kingdom

  • Author: Gibbens, J. C.

    Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, United Kingdom

  • Author: Sharpe, C. E.

    Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, United Kingdom

  • Author: Domínguez, María Ángeles

    Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, United Kingdom

  • Author: Cook, A.J.C.

    Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, United Kingdom

View graph of relations

During an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in southern England in 2007, a case-control study was conducted to identify risk factors for infection and to investigate the relative impact of risk factors on transmission between the infected farms. Seven of the eight case farms in the outbreak and 22 control farms participated. Data were collected via questionnaires and subjected to comparative statistical analysis. Case farms were further classified as primary or secondary according to the likely source of infection during the study. On primary case farms, it was plausible that infection had been introduced directly from the original source. On secondary case farms, FMD infection was more likely to have originated from another infected premises. Calving occurred more frequently on case farms than on control farms during the risk period, and the two primary case farms had a larger proportion of youngstock than the other farms. Secondary case farms (n=5) had a higher composite environmental risk score and a lower biosecurity score than control farms.
Original languageEnglish
JournalVeterinary Record
Volume168
Issue number5
ISSN0042-4900
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

ID: 128540666