Risk factors associated with crash severity on low-volume rural roads in Denmark

Carlo Giacomo Prato, Thomas Kjær Rasmussen, Sigal Kaplan

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearch

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    Abstract

    Safety on low-volume rural roads is drawing attention due to the high fatality and severe injury rates in comparison with high-volume roads and the increasing awareness of sustainable rural development among policy makers. This study analyzes the risk factors associated with crash severity on low-volume rural roads, including crash characteristics, driver attributes and behavior, vehicle type, road features, environmental conditions, distance from the nearest hospital, and zone rurality degree. The data consist of a set of crashes occurred on low-volume rural roads in Denmark between 2007 and 2011. The crashes were identified by map-matching the crash location to the geographic information system representing the national transport network and extracting the relevant crashes based on annual average traffic volumes. Injury severity was modeled by estimating a generalized ordered logit model due to its advantage in accommodating the ordered-response nature of severity while relaxing the proportional odds assumption. Model estimates and pseudo-elasticities show that aggravated crash injury severity is significantly associated with (i) alcohol and failure to wear seatbelts, (ii) involvement of vulnerable road users (i.e., pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists), (iii) involvement of heavy vehicles, (iv) speed limits of 80-90 km/h, (v) longer distance to the nearest hospital, and (vi) peripheral rural regions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2013
    Number of pages1
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    EventStrategisk forskning i transport og infrastruktur - Danmarks Tekniske Universitet, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark
    Duration: 11 Jun 201312 Jun 2013
    http://wwwx.dtu.dk/Sites/strategisk_transportforskning2013.aspx

    Conference

    ConferenceStrategisk forskning i transport og infrastruktur
    LocationDanmarks Tekniske Universitet
    CountryDenmark
    CityKongens Lyngby
    Period11/06/201312/06/2013
    Internet address

    Cite this

    Prato, C. G., Rasmussen, T. K., & Kaplan, S. (2013). Risk factors associated with crash severity on low-volume rural roads in Denmark. Abstract from Strategisk forskning i transport og infrastruktur, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Prato, Carlo Giacomo ; Rasmussen, Thomas Kjær ; Kaplan, Sigal. / Risk factors associated with crash severity on low-volume rural roads in Denmark. Abstract from Strategisk forskning i transport og infrastruktur, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.1 p.
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    Prato, CG, Rasmussen, TK & Kaplan, S 2013, 'Risk factors associated with crash severity on low-volume rural roads in Denmark', Kongens Lyngby, Denmark, 11/06/2013 - 12/06/2013, .

    Risk factors associated with crash severity on low-volume rural roads in Denmark. / Prato, Carlo Giacomo; Rasmussen, Thomas Kjær; Kaplan, Sigal.

    2013. Abstract from Strategisk forskning i transport og infrastruktur, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearch

    TY - ABST

    T1 - Risk factors associated with crash severity on low-volume rural roads in Denmark

    AU - Prato, Carlo Giacomo

    AU - Rasmussen, Thomas Kjær

    AU - Kaplan, Sigal

    PY - 2013

    Y1 - 2013

    N2 - Safety on low-volume rural roads is drawing attention due to the high fatality and severe injury rates in comparison with high-volume roads and the increasing awareness of sustainable rural development among policy makers. This study analyzes the risk factors associated with crash severity on low-volume rural roads, including crash characteristics, driver attributes and behavior, vehicle type, road features, environmental conditions, distance from the nearest hospital, and zone rurality degree. The data consist of a set of crashes occurred on low-volume rural roads in Denmark between 2007 and 2011. The crashes were identified by map-matching the crash location to the geographic information system representing the national transport network and extracting the relevant crashes based on annual average traffic volumes. Injury severity was modeled by estimating a generalized ordered logit model due to its advantage in accommodating the ordered-response nature of severity while relaxing the proportional odds assumption. Model estimates and pseudo-elasticities show that aggravated crash injury severity is significantly associated with (i) alcohol and failure to wear seatbelts, (ii) involvement of vulnerable road users (i.e., pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists), (iii) involvement of heavy vehicles, (iv) speed limits of 80-90 km/h, (v) longer distance to the nearest hospital, and (vi) peripheral rural regions.

    AB - Safety on low-volume rural roads is drawing attention due to the high fatality and severe injury rates in comparison with high-volume roads and the increasing awareness of sustainable rural development among policy makers. This study analyzes the risk factors associated with crash severity on low-volume rural roads, including crash characteristics, driver attributes and behavior, vehicle type, road features, environmental conditions, distance from the nearest hospital, and zone rurality degree. The data consist of a set of crashes occurred on low-volume rural roads in Denmark between 2007 and 2011. The crashes were identified by map-matching the crash location to the geographic information system representing the national transport network and extracting the relevant crashes based on annual average traffic volumes. Injury severity was modeled by estimating a generalized ordered logit model due to its advantage in accommodating the ordered-response nature of severity while relaxing the proportional odds assumption. Model estimates and pseudo-elasticities show that aggravated crash injury severity is significantly associated with (i) alcohol and failure to wear seatbelts, (ii) involvement of vulnerable road users (i.e., pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists), (iii) involvement of heavy vehicles, (iv) speed limits of 80-90 km/h, (v) longer distance to the nearest hospital, and (vi) peripheral rural regions.

    M3 - Conference abstract for conference

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    Prato CG, Rasmussen TK, Kaplan S. Risk factors associated with crash severity on low-volume rural roads in Denmark. 2013. Abstract from Strategisk forskning i transport og infrastruktur, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.