Risk assessment of harmful types of plastics in the marine environment

Patrik Fauser, Lis Bach, Anders Egede Daugaard, Jes Vollertsen, Fionn Murphy, Marja Koski, Asbjørn Christensen, Thorbjørn Joest Andersen, Janeck James Scott-Fordsmand, Jakob Strand

Research output: Book/ReportReportResearch

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Abstract

This report presents the results of a risk assessment of residual chemical additives, monomers and degradation products present in microplastic (MP) particles in the marine environment. Seven cases of different polymer types and product groups are defined that represent the most significant exposures of MPs, and thus potential highrisk cases towards marine organisms. Risk Quotients (RQ) are calculated for three trophic levels, i.e. pelagic/planktonic zooplankton: copepod, benthopelagic fish: atlantic cod and seabird: northern fulmar. Danish Miljøkvalitetskrav (MKK) and European Environmental Quality Standard (EQS) values are used as toxicity threshold values. RQ larger than unity, which indicates potential risk, is estimated for copepod and cod (pelagic community) and the flame-retardant pentabromdiphenylether (PeBDE) used in polyurethane (PUR), the biocide tributyltin (TBT) used in polyvinylchloride (PVC) and PUR, and the flame-retardant hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) used in expanded polystyrene (EPS). The highest estimated RQ for fulmar (secondary poisoning) is 0.1 for PeBDE used in PUR.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationAarhus
PublisherAarhus University, DCE - Danish Centre for Environment and Energy
Number of pages76
ISBN (Electronic)978-87-7156-418-1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
SeriesScientific Report from DCE – Danish Centre for Environment and Energy
Number329
ISSN2245-0203

Keywords

  • Chemical risk assessment
  • Additives
  • Residual monomers
  • Degradation products
  • Marine environment
  • Fate
  • Effects
  • Nano
  • Analytical methods
  • Uncertainties

Cite this

Fauser, P., Bach, L., Daugaard, A. E., Vollertsen, J., Murphy, F., Koski, M., ... Strand, J. (2019). Risk assessment of harmful types of plastics in the marine environment. Aarhus: Aarhus University, DCE - Danish Centre for Environment and Energy. Scientific Report from DCE – Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, No. 329
Fauser, Patrik ; Bach, Lis ; Daugaard, Anders Egede ; Vollertsen, Jes ; Murphy, Fionn ; Koski, Marja ; Christensen, Asbjørn ; Joest Andersen, Thorbjørn ; Scott-Fordsmand, Janeck James ; Strand, Jakob. / Risk assessment of harmful types of plastics in the marine environment. Aarhus : Aarhus University, DCE - Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, 2019. 76 p. (Scientific Report from DCE – Danish Centre for Environment and Energy; No. 329).
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abstract = "This report presents the results of a risk assessment of residual chemical additives, monomers and degradation products present in microplastic (MP) particles in the marine environment. Seven cases of different polymer types and product groups are defined that represent the most significant exposures of MPs, and thus potential highrisk cases towards marine organisms. Risk Quotients (RQ) are calculated for three trophic levels, i.e. pelagic/planktonic zooplankton: copepod, benthopelagic fish: atlantic cod and seabird: northern fulmar. Danish Milj{\o}kvalitetskrav (MKK) and European Environmental Quality Standard (EQS) values are used as toxicity threshold values. RQ larger than unity, which indicates potential risk, is estimated for copepod and cod (pelagic community) and the flame-retardant pentabromdiphenylether (PeBDE) used in polyurethane (PUR), the biocide tributyltin (TBT) used in polyvinylchloride (PVC) and PUR, and the flame-retardant hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) used in expanded polystyrene (EPS). The highest estimated RQ for fulmar (secondary poisoning) is 0.1 for PeBDE used in PUR.",
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author = "Patrik Fauser and Lis Bach and Daugaard, {Anders Egede} and Jes Vollertsen and Fionn Murphy and Marja Koski and Asbj{\o}rn Christensen and {Joest Andersen}, Thorbj{\o}rn and Scott-Fordsmand, {Janeck James} and Jakob Strand",
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Fauser, P, Bach, L, Daugaard, AE, Vollertsen, J, Murphy, F, Koski, M, Christensen, A, Joest Andersen, T, Scott-Fordsmand, JJ & Strand, J 2019, Risk assessment of harmful types of plastics in the marine environment. Scientific Report from DCE – Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, no. 329, Aarhus University, DCE - Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, Aarhus.

Risk assessment of harmful types of plastics in the marine environment. / Fauser, Patrik; Bach, Lis; Daugaard, Anders Egede; Vollertsen, Jes; Murphy, Fionn; Koski, Marja; Christensen, Asbjørn; Joest Andersen, Thorbjørn; Scott-Fordsmand, Janeck James; Strand, Jakob.

Aarhus : Aarhus University, DCE - Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, 2019. 76 p. (Scientific Report from DCE – Danish Centre for Environment and Energy; No. 329).

Research output: Book/ReportReportResearch

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AU - Bach, Lis

AU - Daugaard, Anders Egede

AU - Vollertsen, Jes

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N2 - This report presents the results of a risk assessment of residual chemical additives, monomers and degradation products present in microplastic (MP) particles in the marine environment. Seven cases of different polymer types and product groups are defined that represent the most significant exposures of MPs, and thus potential highrisk cases towards marine organisms. Risk Quotients (RQ) are calculated for three trophic levels, i.e. pelagic/planktonic zooplankton: copepod, benthopelagic fish: atlantic cod and seabird: northern fulmar. Danish Miljøkvalitetskrav (MKK) and European Environmental Quality Standard (EQS) values are used as toxicity threshold values. RQ larger than unity, which indicates potential risk, is estimated for copepod and cod (pelagic community) and the flame-retardant pentabromdiphenylether (PeBDE) used in polyurethane (PUR), the biocide tributyltin (TBT) used in polyvinylchloride (PVC) and PUR, and the flame-retardant hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) used in expanded polystyrene (EPS). The highest estimated RQ for fulmar (secondary poisoning) is 0.1 for PeBDE used in PUR.

AB - This report presents the results of a risk assessment of residual chemical additives, monomers and degradation products present in microplastic (MP) particles in the marine environment. Seven cases of different polymer types and product groups are defined that represent the most significant exposures of MPs, and thus potential highrisk cases towards marine organisms. Risk Quotients (RQ) are calculated for three trophic levels, i.e. pelagic/planktonic zooplankton: copepod, benthopelagic fish: atlantic cod and seabird: northern fulmar. Danish Miljøkvalitetskrav (MKK) and European Environmental Quality Standard (EQS) values are used as toxicity threshold values. RQ larger than unity, which indicates potential risk, is estimated for copepod and cod (pelagic community) and the flame-retardant pentabromdiphenylether (PeBDE) used in polyurethane (PUR), the biocide tributyltin (TBT) used in polyvinylchloride (PVC) and PUR, and the flame-retardant hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) used in expanded polystyrene (EPS). The highest estimated RQ for fulmar (secondary poisoning) is 0.1 for PeBDE used in PUR.

KW - Chemical risk assessment

KW - Additives

KW - Residual monomers

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KW - Marine environment

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KW - Nano

KW - Analytical methods

KW - Uncertainties

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PB - Aarhus University, DCE - Danish Centre for Environment and Energy

CY - Aarhus

ER -

Fauser P, Bach L, Daugaard AE, Vollertsen J, Murphy F, Koski M et al. Risk assessment of harmful types of plastics in the marine environment. Aarhus: Aarhus University, DCE - Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, 2019. 76 p. (Scientific Report from DCE – Danish Centre for Environment and Energy; No. 329).