Rheological properties of semi-sweet biscuit doughs from eight wheat cultivars were studied, and related to the dimensional changes of biscuits after cutting and baking. The tested cultivars were selected in order to represent a wide diversity in biscuit baking performance, and were grown with low use of N-fertiliser in three successive years. A standard recipe for semi-sweet biscuit dough was used, and the amount of water added was adjusted to the water absorption capacity. The theological properties of the dough were characterised by creep recovery and oscillation. The fundamental methods showed that maximum strain at creep, recovery, storage modulus G', and phase angle delta were significantly influenced by the tested cultivars. The ranking of the cultivars according to phase angle delta was identical in each of the years investigated 3 which indicates that phase angle delta reflects differences in structural properties with genetic control. Multivariate regression of flour physiochemical, dough theological, and biscuit baking characteristics showed that a decrease in biscuit length was correlated under several theological parameters, including phase angle delta, Farinograph and creep recovery parameters. Sedimentation value was the only physiochernical flour characteristic with considerable influence on the model. Validation of the partial least squares-model including all samples from the 3 years gave only a weak correlation (r = 0.58), whereas when each single year was evaluated separately, the correlation increased considerably (r = 0.71 and 0.87).
|Journal||Journal of Cereal Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|