Rheological Characterization and Cluster Classification of Ira- nian Commercial Foods, Drinks and Desserts to Recommend for Esophageal Dysphagia Diets

Esophageal Dysphagia Diets, Azizollaah Zargaraan, Yasaman Omaraee, Reza Rastmanesh, Ghasem Fadavi, Morteza Fadaei, Mohammad Amin Mohammadifar

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


In the absence of dysphagia-oriented food products, rheological characterization of available food items is of importance for safe swallowing and adequate nutrient intake of dysphagic patients. In this way, introducing alternative items (with similar ease of swallow) is helpful to improve quality of life and nutritional intake of esophageal cancer dysphagia patients. The present study aimed at rheological characterization and cluster classification of potentially suitable foodstuffs marketed in Iran for their possible use in dysphagia diets.
In this descriptive study, rheological data were obtained during January and February 2012 in Rheology Lab of National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute Tehran, Iran. Steady state and oscillatory shear parameters of 39 commercial samples were obtained using a Physica MCR 301 rheometer (Anton-Paar, GmbH, Graz, Austria). Matlab Fuzzy Logic Toolbox (R2012 a) was utilized for cluster classification of the samples.
Using an extended list of rheological parameters and fuzzy logic methods, 39 commercial samples (drinks, main courses and desserts) were divided to 5 clusters and degree of membership to each cluster was stated by a number between 0 and 0.99.
Considering apparent viscosity of foodstuffs as a single criterion for classification of dysphagia-oriented food products is shortcoming of current guidelines in dysphagia diets. Authors proposed to some revisions in classification of dysphagia-oriented food products and including more rheological parameters (especially, viscoelastic parameters) in the classification.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIranian Journal of Public Health
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)1455-14456
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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