Revisions to Penicillium ser. Corymbifera: agents responsible for blue mould storage rot of various flower and vegetable bulbs

David Patrick Overy, Jorge G. Valdez, Jens Christian Frisvad

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    Fifteen strains representing each Penicillium ser. Corymbifera taxa were compared using phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characters by cluster analysis and discriminant partial least squares regression. Variability in phenotypic expression of species strains resulted in a more fragmented classification compared with secondary metabolite expression. Although the observed phenotypic expression varied for strains cultured upon the same media, it was possible to classify strains into species groupings based only upon a few distinctive phenotypic traits. Data analysis of secondary metabolite profiles generated from HPLC-diode array dectection analysis gave reliable strain classification when more than one media type was employed. Depending on the species, Czapek yeast autolysate agar typically yielded the greatest chemical diversity; however, several metabolites (terrestric acid, corymbiferone, the corymbiferan lactones, and daldinin D) were only produced when strains were grown on either yeast extract sucrose or oatmeal agar. For the classification of strains based on a binary data matrix, application of the Yule coefficient gave the best clustering. Several secondary metabolites, of importance for the classification of ser. Corymbifera strains, were identified by discriminant-partial least squares regression analysis. A diagnostic key based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and pathogenic traits is provided as an aid for species identification.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalCanadian Journal of Botany
    Issue number11
    Pages (from-to)1422-1433
    Publication statusPublished - 2005


    • Penicillium radicicola
    • Penicillium tulipae
    • Penicillium hirsutum
    • Penicillium hordei
    • Penicillium allii
    • Penicillium venetum
    • Penicillium albocoremium


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