Review on motor imagery based BCI systems for upper limb post-stroke neurorehabilitation: From designing to application

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Abstract

Strokes are a growing cause of mortality and many stroke survivors suffer from motor impairment as well as other types of disabilities in their daily life activities. To treat these sequelae, motor imagery (MI) based brain-computer interface (BCI) systems have shown potential to serve as an effective neurorehabilitation tool for post-stroke rehabilitation therapy. In this review, different MI-BCI based strategies, including “Functional Electric Stimulation, Robotics Assistance and Hybrid Virtual Reality based Models,” have been comprehensively reported for upper-limb neurorehabilitation. Each of these approaches have been presented to illustrate the in-depth advantages and challenges of the respective BCI systems. Additionally, the current state-of-the-art and main concerns regarding BCI based post-stroke neurorehabilitation devices have also been discussed. Finally, recommendations for future developments have been proposed while discussing the BCI neurorehabilitation systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103843
JournalComputers in Biology and Medicine
Volume123
Number of pages36
ISSN0010-4825
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Stroke
  • Brain-Computer Interface (BCI)
  • Motor Imagery (MI)
  • Neurorehabilitation Devices
  • Virtual Reality
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Robotic Assistance

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