Review of Integration of Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) into Power Systems

Qiuwei Wu, Zhao Xu

Research output: Book/ReportReportResearch


An overview of the integration of distributed energy resources (DER) into power systems has been presented in this report.
Different aspects of integration of DER into power systems have been reviewed and discussed which are listed below.  
 needs of DER integration into power systems
 various state‐of‐the‐art DER integration concepts
 relations existing DER integration concepts to the EV system
The power balancing challenges of power systems brought by high penetration of intermittent DER have been discussed,
especially the wind power integration in the Danish context. The relevance of the integration of electric vehicles (EVs) to the DER integration concepts have been analyzed as well based on the energy storage potential of EVs.  
Two main concepts for DER integration, virtual power plant (VPP) and microgrids, are described and a comparison of the two concepts have been done. The comparison of VPP and microgrids concepts shows that the VPP concept is more suitable for EV integration.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Bibliographical note

Report D2.1.1 of the EDISON project

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