Review of Energy Storage System for Wind Power Integration Support

Haoran Zhao, Qiuwei Wu, Shuju Hu, Honghua Xu, Claus Nygaard Rasmussen

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With the rapid growth of wind energy development and increasing wind power penetration level, it will be a big challenge to operate the power system with high wind power penetration securely and reliably due to the inherent variability and uncertainty of wind power. With the flexible charging-discharging characteristics, Energy Storage System (ESS) is considered as an effective tool to enhance the flexibility and controllability not only of a specific wind farm, but also of the entire grid. This paper reviews the state of the art of the ESS technologies for wind power integration support from different aspects. Firstly, the modern ESS technologies and their potential applications for wind power integration support are introduced. Secondly, the planning problem in relation to the ESS application for wind power integration is reviewed, including the selection of the ESS type, and the optimal sizing and siting of the ESS. Finally, the proposed operation and control strategies of the ESS for different application purposes in relation to the wind power integration support are summarized. The conclusion is drawn in the end.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Energy
Pages (from-to)545–553
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Energy Storage System (ESS)
  • Optimal siting
  • Optimal sizing
  • Planning and operation
  • Wind power

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