Reversible a-Fe2O3 to Fe3O4 transformation during ball milling

Søren Linderoth, Jianzhong Jiang, Steen Mørup

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The transformation of hematite to magnetite by high-energy ball milling in a sealed container has been studied by Mossbauer spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction. Mechanisms for this transformation are critically discussed. The dominant mechanism is concluded to be due to bond breaking during the high energy ball milling followed by release of the oxygen from the vial. The reverse transformation, magnetite to hematite, is demonstrated to occur by ball milling in air. Mechanisms for this reverse transformation are also put forward.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMaterials Science Forum
Pages (from-to)205-210
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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