Revealing the Origin of Activity in Nitrogen-Doped Nanocarbons towards Electrocatalytic Reduction of Carbon Dioxide

Junyuan Xu, Yuhe Kan, Rui Huang, Bingsen Zhang, Bolun Wang, Kuang-Hsu Wu, Yangming Lin, Xiaoyan Sun, Qingfeng Li, Gabriele Centi, Dangsheng Su

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are functionalized with nitrogen atoms for reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2). The investigation explores the origin of the catalyst’s activity and the role of nitrogen chemical states therein. The catalysts show excellent performances, with about 90% current efficiency for CO formation and stability over 60 hours. The Tafel analyses and density functional theory calculations suggest that the reduction of CO2 proceeds through an initial rate-determining transfer of one electron to CO2, which leads to the formation of carbon dioxide radical anion (CO2C). The initial reduction barrier is too high on pristine CNTs, resulting in a very high overpotentials at which the hydrogen evolution reaction dominates over CO2 reduction.The doped nitrogen atoms stabilize the radical anion,thereby lowering the initial reduction barrier and improving the intrinsic activity. The most efficient nitrogen chemical state for this reaction is quaternary nitrogen, followed by pyridinic and pyrrolic nitrogen.
Original languageEnglish
JournalChemSusChem (Print)
Volume9
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)1085-1089
Number of pages5
ISSN1864-5631
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Cite this

Xu, J., Kan, Y., Huang, R., Zhang, B., Wang, B., Wu, K-H., Lin, Y., Sun, X., Li, Q., Centi, G., & Su, D. (2016). Revealing the Origin of Activity in Nitrogen-Doped Nanocarbons towards Electrocatalytic Reduction of Carbon Dioxide. ChemSusChem (Print), 9(10), 1085-1089. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201600202