Revealing origin of quasi-one dimensional current transport in defect rich two dimensional materials

Mikkel Rønne Lotz, Mads Boll, Ole Hansen, Daniel Kjær, Peter Bøggild, Dirch Hjorth Petersen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The presence of defects in graphene have for a long time been recognized as a bottleneck for its utilization in electronic and mechanical devices. We recently showed that micro four-point probes may be used to evaluate if a graphene film is truly 2D or if defects in proximity of the probe will lead to a non-uniform current flow characteristic of lower dimensionality. In this work, simulations based on a finite element method together with a Monte Carlo approach are used to establish the transition from 2D to quasi-1D current transport, when applying a micro four-point probe to measure on 2D conductors with an increasing amount of line-shaped defects. Clear 2D and 1D signatures are observed at low and high defect densities, respectively, and current density plots reveal the presence of current channels or branches in defect configurations yielding 1D current transport. A strong correlation is found between the density filling factor and the simulation yield, the fraction of cases with 1D transport and the mean sheet conductance. The upper transition limit is shown to agree with the percolation threshold for sticks. Finally, the conductance of a square sample evaluated with macroscopic edge contacts is compared to the micro four-point probe conductance measurements and we find that the micro four-point probe tends to measure a slightly higher conductance in samples containing defects. (C) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume105
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)053115
ISSN0003-6951
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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