Retrofit of Masonry in Historic Buildings: Role of Climatic Loads and Material Parameters

Tessa Kvist Hansen, Ruut Hannele Peuhkuri, Søren Peter Bjarløv

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Historical buildings represent cultural, historic and aesthetic value, whether preservation worthy or not. For this reason, the concept of internal insulation has been introduced as a possible energy retrofitting measure for such buildings. The application of the thermal insulation on the interior side of the wall reduces the heating energy consumption and improves the thermal comfort. But it also changes the hygrothermal conditions of that wall reducing the drying potential and leaving the original wall colder and damper when compared to pre-retrofitting. This may lead to undesired consequences like interstitial condensation, mold growth, wood rot and the general deterioration of the façade materials and components.
The prediction of the hygrothermal performance of internal insulation solutions plays therefore an important role when designing successful retrofit measures. External loads, e.g. wind driven rain (WDR) and solar radiation, may vary largely depending the location and orientation and have a significant impact especially on historic buildings with porous masonry walls.
This paper presents a simulation study for assessment of the hygrothermal performance of internally insulated historic masonryunder given conditions. A monitored case study made up the basis for this study that primarily focuses on the influence of orientation, indoor climate, façade color and brick type with regard to WDR, investigated through dynamic hygrothermal simulations.
The results show that high loads from WDR inevitably increased the moisture content of the wall, but also certain material parameters and orientation, including solar radiation in combination with WDR play a role.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event2019 Buildings XIV International Conference - Clearwater Beach, United States
Duration: 9 Dec 201912 Dec 2019
Conference number: 14

Conference

Conference2019 Buildings XIV International Conference
Number14
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityClearwater Beach
Period09/12/201912/12/2019

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