Response of Pseudomonas putida to Complex, Aromatic-Rich Fractions from Biomass

Mee Rye Park, Yan Chen, Mitchell Thompson, Veronica T. Benites, Bonnie Fong, Christopher J. Petzold, Edward E.K. Baidoo, John M. Gladden, Paul D. Adams, Jay D. Keasling, Blake A. Simmons, Steven W. Singer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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There is strong interest in the valorization of lignin to produce valuable products; however, its structural complexity has been a conversion bottleneck. Chemical pretreatment liberates lignin‐derived soluble fractions that may be upgraded by bioconversion. Cholinium ionic liquid pretreatment of sorghum produced soluble, aromatic‐rich fractions that were converted by Pseudomonas putida (P. putida), a promising host for aromatic bioconversion. Growth studies and mutational analysis demonstrated that P. putida growth on these fractions was dependent on aromatic monomers but unknown factors also contributed. Proteomic and metabolomic analyses indicated that these unknown factors were amino acids and residual ionic liquid; the oligomeric aromatic fraction derived from lignin was not converted. A cholinium catabolic pathway was identified, and the deletion of the pathway stopped the ability of P. putida to grow on cholinium ionic liquid. This work demonstrates that aromatic‐rich fractions obtained through pretreatment contain multiple substrates; conversion strategies should account for this complexity.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number17
Pages (from-to)4455-4467
Publication statusPublished - 2020


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