Resolvase-like recombination performed by the TP901-1 integrase

A. Breüner, Lone Brøndsted, Karin Hammer

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    The site-specific recombination system of temperate lactococcal bacteriophage TP901-1 is unusual in several respects. First, the integrase belongs to the family of extended resolvases rather than to the lambda integrase family and second, in the presence of this integrase, a 56 bp attP fragment is sufficient for efficient recombination with the chromosomal attB site in the host Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris MG1363. In the present work, this attB site was analysed and a 43 bp attB region was found to be the smallest fragment able to participate fully in recombination. In vitro studies showed that the TP901-1 integrase binds this 43 bp attB fragment, the 56 bp attP and a larger attP fragment with equal affinity. Mutational analysis of the 5 bp common core region (TCAAT) showed that the TC dinucleotide is essential for recombination, but not for binding of the integrase, whereas none of the last three bases are important for recombination. When a number of attL sites, obtained by recombination between an attB site containing a mutation in this TC dinucleotide and a wildtype attP site, were sequenced, a mix of sites with the wild-type or the mutated sequence was obtained. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that the TC dinucleotide constitutes the TP901-1 overlap region. A 2 bp overlap region has been observed in recombination reactions catalysed by all other members of the resolvase/invertase family tested so far. By selecting for attB sites with a decreased ability to participate in recombination, two bases located outside the core region of attB were shown to be involved in the in vitro binding of the TP901-1 integrase.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalMicrobiology (United Kingdom)
    Pages (from-to)2051-2063
    Publication statusPublished - 2001


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