Resilient Infrastructure and Building Security

Mads Ingerslew Ingwar

Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesis

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Abstract

Traditional authentication systems are considered persistent as they rarely limit the time the authentication is valid. Conversely, sensor-based authentication systems are considered transient as they allow continuous authentication of the users.

In this thesis we present a new approach to authentication that combines traditional access control systems with the sensing technologies and tracking capabilities offered by smart environments. Our approach is called Persistent Authentication for Location-based Services. Persistent authentication enables the secure provision of location-based services through non-intrusive authentication of mobile users in a smart environment. The objective is to shift the current authentication paradigm from a single discrete event to a continuous session. This is accomplished by utilising the contextual awareness provided by the smart environment to track principals from the point of initial authentication to the point where authorisation is requested by location-based services.

Facial recognition and appearance analysis are integrated in the persistent authentication system as remote biometric experts that operate at a distance and require no interaction from the users. The experts perform continuous authentication by processing samples of the biometric modalities as they become available.

Combining scores from multiple biometric experts is known as sensor fusion. A common challenge in this field is that the results from evaluating different biometric characteristic are usually incompatible, as they have different score ranges as well as different probability distributions. Error-rate-based fusion is presented as a novel fusion technique that transforms individual scores from different biometric systems into objective evidences and combine them using Bayesian inference.

Persistent authentication offers an effective integrated protection measure that is distributed directly in the facility and is non-intrusive to the public and affordable to the facility owners. Persistent authentication is suitable for security sensitive applications and can help protect the facility against terrorism and other types of crime.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationKgs. Lyngby
PublisherTechnical University of Denmark
Number of pages152
Publication statusPublished - 2014
SeriesDTU Compute PHD-2014
Number322
ISSN0909-3192

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