Report on WRF model sensitivity studies and specifications for the mesoscale wind atlas production runs

Deliverable D4.3

Björn Witha, Andrea N. Hahmann, Tija Sile, Martin Dörenkämper, Yasemin Ezber, Elena Garcia Bustamante, J. Fidel Gonzalez-Rouco, Grégoire Leroy, Jorge Navarro

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Abstract

This report describes the sensitivity studies performed with the mesoscale model WRF in preparation of the mesoscale wind atlas production runs. The objective of this work was to find a modelsetup that is not just a best practice setup but well-founded and based on scientific evaluation.

We started with performing some initial sensitivity experiments changing the PBL scheme and the initialisation of the model. The work was distributed among several partners, each conducting the same set of experiments but on a different domain. The objective of this first phase was to ensure that everybody speaks the same language in terms of applying WRF in the context of NEWA. The results were analysed and compared in terms of the mean wind climate. To draw conclusions regarding the quality of the experiments, the results of one domain were compared to tall mast observations. Overall the model showed a good performance with slightly better results for one of the two tested PBL schemes (MYNN) and weekly initialisation of simulations(compared to daily).

In the next phase, further sensitivity tests were conducted for one of the previously defined domains, varying a multitude of parameters as e.g. model version, vertical resolution, forcing data and land surface parameterisation. These studies showed that virtually each parameter change is affecting the results in some way, while significant effects on the wind climate are mostly obtained by changes in physical parameterisation e.g. PBL scheme, representation of the land surface and surface roughness. However, also non-physical parameters as the simulation length and the domain size affects the results considerably. The results suggest to use rather small do-mains and not too long simulations (in the order of 1–2 weeks).

One of the objectives of NEWA is to create a probabilistic wind atlas, i.e. to provide uncertainty information to the mesoscale wind atlas (see Deliverables D3.1 and D4.4). This will be achieved by generating an ensemble of WRF simulations with different model configurations. While the final ensemble to be run over the complete NEWA domain will only include a few members, a much larger ensemble was run for a smaller sub-domain to find the ensemble members that generate the largest spread and will be used in the final NEWA ensemble. A second objective of this initial large ensemble was to find an optimal setup for the mesoscale production run. Based on the experience gained in the previous sensitivity experiments, a 47-member ensemble was assembled and run. The individual members were compared against each other, as well as against tall mast observations. Different metrics were explored to assess the performance of the members, i.e. not only the usual statistical measures as RMSE, BIAS and correlation but also metrics that compare the wind speed distributions.

In the final part of this report we present the ultimate WRF setup for the NEWA production run that was run between August 2018 and March 2019 on the MareNostrum supercomputer in Barcelona.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherNEWA - New European Wind Atlas
VolumeD4.3
Number of pages73
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

Witha, B., Hahmann, A. N., Sile, T., Dörenkämper, M., Ezber, Y., Bustamante, E. G., ... Navarro, J. (2019). Report on WRF model sensitivity studies and specifications for the mesoscale wind atlas production runs: Deliverable D4.3. NEWA - New European Wind Atlas. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2682604
Witha, Björn ; Hahmann, Andrea N. ; Sile, Tija ; Dörenkämper, Martin ; Ezber, Yasemin ; Bustamante, Elena Garcia ; Gonzalez-Rouco, J. Fidel ; Leroy, Grégoire ; Navarro, Jorge . / Report on WRF model sensitivity studies and specifications for the mesoscale wind atlas production runs : Deliverable D4.3. NEWA - New European Wind Atlas, 2019. 73 p.
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title = "Report on WRF model sensitivity studies and specifications for the mesoscale wind atlas production runs: Deliverable D4.3",
abstract = "This report describes the sensitivity studies performed with the mesoscale model WRF in preparation of the mesoscale wind atlas production runs. The objective of this work was to find a modelsetup that is not just a best practice setup but well-founded and based on scientific evaluation.We started with performing some initial sensitivity experiments changing the PBL scheme and the initialisation of the model. The work was distributed among several partners, each conducting the same set of experiments but on a different domain. The objective of this first phase was to ensure that everybody speaks the same language in terms of applying WRF in the context of NEWA. The results were analysed and compared in terms of the mean wind climate. To draw conclusions regarding the quality of the experiments, the results of one domain were compared to tall mast observations. Overall the model showed a good performance with slightly better results for one of the two tested PBL schemes (MYNN) and weekly initialisation of simulations(compared to daily).In the next phase, further sensitivity tests were conducted for one of the previously defined domains, varying a multitude of parameters as e.g. model version, vertical resolution, forcing data and land surface parameterisation. These studies showed that virtually each parameter change is affecting the results in some way, while significant effects on the wind climate are mostly obtained by changes in physical parameterisation e.g. PBL scheme, representation of the land surface and surface roughness. However, also non-physical parameters as the simulation length and the domain size affects the results considerably. The results suggest to use rather small do-mains and not too long simulations (in the order of 1–2 weeks).One of the objectives of NEWA is to create a probabilistic wind atlas, i.e. to provide uncertainty information to the mesoscale wind atlas (see Deliverables D3.1 and D4.4). This will be achieved by generating an ensemble of WRF simulations with different model configurations. While the final ensemble to be run over the complete NEWA domain will only include a few members, a much larger ensemble was run for a smaller sub-domain to find the ensemble members that generate the largest spread and will be used in the final NEWA ensemble. A second objective of this initial large ensemble was to find an optimal setup for the mesoscale production run. Based on the experience gained in the previous sensitivity experiments, a 47-member ensemble was assembled and run. The individual members were compared against each other, as well as against tall mast observations. Different metrics were explored to assess the performance of the members, i.e. not only the usual statistical measures as RMSE, BIAS and correlation but also metrics that compare the wind speed distributions.In the final part of this report we present the ultimate WRF setup for the NEWA production run that was run between August 2018 and March 2019 on the MareNostrum supercomputer in Barcelona.",
author = "Bj{\"o}rn Witha and Hahmann, {Andrea N.} and Tija Sile and Martin D{\"o}renk{\"a}mper and Yasemin Ezber and Bustamante, {Elena Garcia} and Gonzalez-Rouco, {J. Fidel} and Gr{\'e}goire Leroy and Jorge Navarro",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.5281/zenodo.2682604",
language = "English",
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publisher = "NEWA - New European Wind Atlas",

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Witha, B, Hahmann, AN, Sile, T, Dörenkämper, M, Ezber, Y, Bustamante, EG, Gonzalez-Rouco, JF, Leroy, G & Navarro, J 2019, Report on WRF model sensitivity studies and specifications for the mesoscale wind atlas production runs: Deliverable D4.3. vol. D4.3, NEWA - New European Wind Atlas. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2682604

Report on WRF model sensitivity studies and specifications for the mesoscale wind atlas production runs : Deliverable D4.3. / Witha, Björn; Hahmann, Andrea N.; Sile, Tija; Dörenkämper, Martin; Ezber, Yasemin; Bustamante, Elena Garcia ; Gonzalez-Rouco, J. Fidel; Leroy, Grégoire; Navarro, Jorge .

NEWA - New European Wind Atlas, 2019. 73 p.

Research output: Book/ReportReportResearchpeer-review

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AU - Dörenkämper, Martin

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N2 - This report describes the sensitivity studies performed with the mesoscale model WRF in preparation of the mesoscale wind atlas production runs. The objective of this work was to find a modelsetup that is not just a best practice setup but well-founded and based on scientific evaluation.We started with performing some initial sensitivity experiments changing the PBL scheme and the initialisation of the model. The work was distributed among several partners, each conducting the same set of experiments but on a different domain. The objective of this first phase was to ensure that everybody speaks the same language in terms of applying WRF in the context of NEWA. The results were analysed and compared in terms of the mean wind climate. To draw conclusions regarding the quality of the experiments, the results of one domain were compared to tall mast observations. Overall the model showed a good performance with slightly better results for one of the two tested PBL schemes (MYNN) and weekly initialisation of simulations(compared to daily).In the next phase, further sensitivity tests were conducted for one of the previously defined domains, varying a multitude of parameters as e.g. model version, vertical resolution, forcing data and land surface parameterisation. These studies showed that virtually each parameter change is affecting the results in some way, while significant effects on the wind climate are mostly obtained by changes in physical parameterisation e.g. PBL scheme, representation of the land surface and surface roughness. However, also non-physical parameters as the simulation length and the domain size affects the results considerably. The results suggest to use rather small do-mains and not too long simulations (in the order of 1–2 weeks).One of the objectives of NEWA is to create a probabilistic wind atlas, i.e. to provide uncertainty information to the mesoscale wind atlas (see Deliverables D3.1 and D4.4). This will be achieved by generating an ensemble of WRF simulations with different model configurations. While the final ensemble to be run over the complete NEWA domain will only include a few members, a much larger ensemble was run for a smaller sub-domain to find the ensemble members that generate the largest spread and will be used in the final NEWA ensemble. A second objective of this initial large ensemble was to find an optimal setup for the mesoscale production run. Based on the experience gained in the previous sensitivity experiments, a 47-member ensemble was assembled and run. The individual members were compared against each other, as well as against tall mast observations. Different metrics were explored to assess the performance of the members, i.e. not only the usual statistical measures as RMSE, BIAS and correlation but also metrics that compare the wind speed distributions.In the final part of this report we present the ultimate WRF setup for the NEWA production run that was run between August 2018 and March 2019 on the MareNostrum supercomputer in Barcelona.

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