Replacing critical radiators to increase the potential to use low-temperature district heating – A case study of 4 Danish single-family houses from the 1930s

Dorte Skaarup Østergaard, Svend Svendsen

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Abstract

Low-temperature district heating is a promising technology for providing homes with energy-efficient heating in the future. However, it is of great importance to maintain thermal comfort in existing buildings when district heating temperatures are lowered. This case study evaluated the actual radiator sizes and heating demands in 4 existing Danish single-family houses from the 1930s. A year-long dynamic simulation was performed for each of the houses to evaluate the potential to lower the heating system temperatures. The results indicate that there is a large potential to use low-temperature district heating in existing single-family houses. In order to obtain the full potential of low-temperature district heating, critical radiators must be replaced. Based on a novel method, a total of nine radiators were identified to be critical to ensure thermal comfort and low return temperatures in two of the case-houses. If these radiators were replaced it would be possible to lower the average heating system temperatures to 50 °C/27 °C in all four houses.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy
Volume110
Pages (from-to)75-84
Number of pages10
ISSN0360-5442
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Low-temperature district heating
  • IDA ICE
  • Radiators
  • Single family houses
  • Dynamic simulation of heat demand

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