Replacement rates for second-hand clothing and household textiles – A survey study from Malawi, Mozambique and Angola

Nynne Nørup*, Kaj Pihl, Anders Damgaard, Charlotte Scheutz

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    The growing collection of used textiles has increased the demand for more knowledge about current handling and treatment, in order to facilitate improvements of textile waste management systems. A key question is whether second-hand textiles actually replace new items, and it is of particular importance in order to assess the environmental impact of textile handling and treatment. This study determined the replacement rate through face-to-face questionnaire surveys conducted in Angola, Malawi and Mozambique. In total, 3485 respondents and 14,190 purchased second-hand textile items formed the basis for determining replacement rates, namely 63 ± 6% in Angola, 35 ± 1% in Malawi and 37 ± 5% for Mozambique, and according to a set of main categories (clothing, household textiles and other textile products) and product types. The rates varied between product types, but the relatively low replacement rates were surprising and possibly caused by the respondents' limited purchasing power, i.e. that buying new textile items was not an option. This was supported by several findings, such as respondents’ wardrobes consisting largely of second-hand clothes and the purchase of second-hand items to upgrade or to replace damaged items.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
    Pages (from-to)1026-1036
    Publication statusPublished - 2019


    • Industrial Wastes Treatment
    • Environmental Impact and Protection
    • Synthetic and Natural Fibers; Textile Technology
    • Face-to-face interviews
    • National differences
    • Purchasing power
    • Replacement rates
    • Second-hand textiles
    • Environmental impact
    • Purchasing
    • Sales
    • Surveys
    • Waste treatment
    • Current handling
    • Face-to-face interview
    • Household textiles
    • Questionnaire surveys
    • Waste management systems
    • Textiles


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