Remote-loading of liposomes with manganese-52 and in vivo evaluation of the stabilities of 52Mn-DOTA and 64Cu-DOTA using radiolabelled liposomes and PET imaging

Andreas I. Jensen, Gregory W. Severin, Anders Elias Hansen, Frederikke P. Fliedner, Rasmus Eliasen, Ladan Parhamifar, Andreas Kjær, Thomas Lars Andresen, Jonas Rosager Henriksen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Liposomes are nanoparticles used in drug delivery that distribute over several days in humans and larger animals. Radiolabeling with long-lived positron emission tomography (PET) radionuclides, such as manganese-52 (52Mn, T½=5.6days), allow the imaging of this biodistribution. We report optimized protocols for radiolabeling liposomes with 52Mn, through both remote-loading and surface labeling. For comparison, liposomes were also remote-loaded and surface labeled with copper-64 (64Cu, T½=12.7h) through conventional means. The chelator DOTA was used in all cases. The in vivo stability of radiometal chelates is widely debated but studies that mimic a realistic in vivo setting are lacking. Therefore, we employed these four radiolabeled liposome types as platforms to demonstrate a new concept for such in vivo evaluation, here of the chelates 52Mn-DOTA and 64Cu-DOTA. This was done by comparing "shielded" remote-loaded with "exposed" surface labeled variants in a CT26 tumor-bearing mouse model. Remote loading (90min at 55°C) and surface labeling (55°C for 2h) of 52Mn gave excellent radiolabeling efficiencies of 97-100% and 98-100% respectively, and the liposome biodistribution was imaged by PET for up to 8days. Liposomes with surface-conjugated 52Mn-DOTA exhibited a significantly shorter plasma half-life (T½=14.4h) when compared to the remote-loaded counterpart (T½=21.3h), whereas surface-conjugated 64Cu-DOTA cleared only slightly faster and non-significantly, when compared to remote-loaded (17.2±2.9h versus 20.3±1.2h). From our data, we conclude the successful remote-loading of liposomes with 52Mn, and furthermore that 52Mn-DOTA may be unstable in vivo whereas 64Cu-DOTA appears suitable for quantitative imaging.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
Volume269
Pages (from-to)100-109
ISSN0168-3659
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Copper-64
  • DOTA
  • Ionophore
  • Liposomes
  • Manganese-52
  • Remote-loading

Cite this

@article{0a6d9da550f540a991295f83bcd55cf5,
title = "Remote-loading of liposomes with manganese-52 and in vivo evaluation of the stabilities of 52Mn-DOTA and 64Cu-DOTA using radiolabelled liposomes and PET imaging",
abstract = "Liposomes are nanoparticles used in drug delivery that distribute over several days in humans and larger animals. Radiolabeling with long-lived positron emission tomography (PET) radionuclides, such as manganese-52 (52Mn, T½=5.6days), allow the imaging of this biodistribution. We report optimized protocols for radiolabeling liposomes with 52Mn, through both remote-loading and surface labeling. For comparison, liposomes were also remote-loaded and surface labeled with copper-64 (64Cu, T½=12.7h) through conventional means. The chelator DOTA was used in all cases. The in vivo stability of radiometal chelates is widely debated but studies that mimic a realistic in vivo setting are lacking. Therefore, we employed these four radiolabeled liposome types as platforms to demonstrate a new concept for such in vivo evaluation, here of the chelates 52Mn-DOTA and 64Cu-DOTA. This was done by comparing {"}shielded{"} remote-loaded with {"}exposed{"} surface labeled variants in a CT26 tumor-bearing mouse model. Remote loading (90min at 55°C) and surface labeling (55°C for 2h) of 52Mn gave excellent radiolabeling efficiencies of 97-100{\%} and 98-100{\%} respectively, and the liposome biodistribution was imaged by PET for up to 8days. Liposomes with surface-conjugated 52Mn-DOTA exhibited a significantly shorter plasma half-life (T½=14.4h) when compared to the remote-loaded counterpart (T½=21.3h), whereas surface-conjugated 64Cu-DOTA cleared only slightly faster and non-significantly, when compared to remote-loaded (17.2±2.9h versus 20.3±1.2h). From our data, we conclude the successful remote-loading of liposomes with 52Mn, and furthermore that 52Mn-DOTA may be unstable in vivo whereas 64Cu-DOTA appears suitable for quantitative imaging.",
keywords = "Copper-64, DOTA, Ionophore, Liposomes, Manganese-52, Remote-loading",
author = "Jensen, {Andreas I.} and Severin, {Gregory W.} and Hansen, {Anders Elias} and Fliedner, {Frederikke P.} and Rasmus Eliasen and Ladan Parhamifar and Andreas Kj{\ae}r and Andresen, {Thomas Lars} and Henriksen, {Jonas Rosager}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1016/j.jconrel.2017.11.006",
language = "English",
volume = "269",
pages = "100--109",
journal = "Journal of Controlled Release",
issn = "0168-3659",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Remote-loading of liposomes with manganese-52 and in vivo evaluation of the stabilities of 52Mn-DOTA and 64Cu-DOTA using radiolabelled liposomes and PET imaging. / Jensen, Andreas I.; Severin, Gregory W.; Hansen, Anders Elias; Fliedner, Frederikke P.; Eliasen, Rasmus; Parhamifar, Ladan; Kjær, Andreas ; Andresen, Thomas Lars; Henriksen, Jonas Rosager.

In: Journal of Controlled Release, Vol. 269, 2018, p. 100-109.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Remote-loading of liposomes with manganese-52 and in vivo evaluation of the stabilities of 52Mn-DOTA and 64Cu-DOTA using radiolabelled liposomes and PET imaging

AU - Jensen, Andreas I.

AU - Severin, Gregory W.

AU - Hansen, Anders Elias

AU - Fliedner, Frederikke P.

AU - Eliasen, Rasmus

AU - Parhamifar, Ladan

AU - Kjær, Andreas

AU - Andresen, Thomas Lars

AU - Henriksen, Jonas Rosager

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Liposomes are nanoparticles used in drug delivery that distribute over several days in humans and larger animals. Radiolabeling with long-lived positron emission tomography (PET) radionuclides, such as manganese-52 (52Mn, T½=5.6days), allow the imaging of this biodistribution. We report optimized protocols for radiolabeling liposomes with 52Mn, through both remote-loading and surface labeling. For comparison, liposomes were also remote-loaded and surface labeled with copper-64 (64Cu, T½=12.7h) through conventional means. The chelator DOTA was used in all cases. The in vivo stability of radiometal chelates is widely debated but studies that mimic a realistic in vivo setting are lacking. Therefore, we employed these four radiolabeled liposome types as platforms to demonstrate a new concept for such in vivo evaluation, here of the chelates 52Mn-DOTA and 64Cu-DOTA. This was done by comparing "shielded" remote-loaded with "exposed" surface labeled variants in a CT26 tumor-bearing mouse model. Remote loading (90min at 55°C) and surface labeling (55°C for 2h) of 52Mn gave excellent radiolabeling efficiencies of 97-100% and 98-100% respectively, and the liposome biodistribution was imaged by PET for up to 8days. Liposomes with surface-conjugated 52Mn-DOTA exhibited a significantly shorter plasma half-life (T½=14.4h) when compared to the remote-loaded counterpart (T½=21.3h), whereas surface-conjugated 64Cu-DOTA cleared only slightly faster and non-significantly, when compared to remote-loaded (17.2±2.9h versus 20.3±1.2h). From our data, we conclude the successful remote-loading of liposomes with 52Mn, and furthermore that 52Mn-DOTA may be unstable in vivo whereas 64Cu-DOTA appears suitable for quantitative imaging.

AB - Liposomes are nanoparticles used in drug delivery that distribute over several days in humans and larger animals. Radiolabeling with long-lived positron emission tomography (PET) radionuclides, such as manganese-52 (52Mn, T½=5.6days), allow the imaging of this biodistribution. We report optimized protocols for radiolabeling liposomes with 52Mn, through both remote-loading and surface labeling. For comparison, liposomes were also remote-loaded and surface labeled with copper-64 (64Cu, T½=12.7h) through conventional means. The chelator DOTA was used in all cases. The in vivo stability of radiometal chelates is widely debated but studies that mimic a realistic in vivo setting are lacking. Therefore, we employed these four radiolabeled liposome types as platforms to demonstrate a new concept for such in vivo evaluation, here of the chelates 52Mn-DOTA and 64Cu-DOTA. This was done by comparing "shielded" remote-loaded with "exposed" surface labeled variants in a CT26 tumor-bearing mouse model. Remote loading (90min at 55°C) and surface labeling (55°C for 2h) of 52Mn gave excellent radiolabeling efficiencies of 97-100% and 98-100% respectively, and the liposome biodistribution was imaged by PET for up to 8days. Liposomes with surface-conjugated 52Mn-DOTA exhibited a significantly shorter plasma half-life (T½=14.4h) when compared to the remote-loaded counterpart (T½=21.3h), whereas surface-conjugated 64Cu-DOTA cleared only slightly faster and non-significantly, when compared to remote-loaded (17.2±2.9h versus 20.3±1.2h). From our data, we conclude the successful remote-loading of liposomes with 52Mn, and furthermore that 52Mn-DOTA may be unstable in vivo whereas 64Cu-DOTA appears suitable for quantitative imaging.

KW - Copper-64

KW - DOTA

KW - Ionophore

KW - Liposomes

KW - Manganese-52

KW - Remote-loading

U2 - 10.1016/j.jconrel.2017.11.006

DO - 10.1016/j.jconrel.2017.11.006

M3 - Journal article

VL - 269

SP - 100

EP - 109

JO - Journal of Controlled Release

JF - Journal of Controlled Release

SN - 0168-3659

ER -