Reliable Correlation for Liquid-Liquid Equilibria Outside the Critical Region

Lukasz Ruszczynski, Alexandr Zubov, John P. O’Connell, Jens Abildskov

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Abstract

A simple model for binary liquid–liquid equilibrium data correlation is explored. The model describes liquid–liquid equilibrium in terms of Henry’s law and unsymmetrically normalized activity coefficients in each phase. A procedure for parameter estimation including an approach to initial guesses, uncertainty analysis of regression results, obtained parameters, and predicted mole fractions has been formulated. The procedure is applied to three cases: hydrocarbons + water, ionic liquids + water, and nitroethane + hydrocarbons. The model has four parameters in the most basic formulation. Depending upon the available data, this number can be extended in a systematic fashion. We compare results of correlation to results obtained with a four-parameter nonrandom two-liquid (NRTL) equation and COSMO-SAC. In general, the new model does nearly as well as NRTL. Advantages of the presented model are a simple form and a parameter set that can be extended in a systematic fashion with an interpretation in terms of thermodynamic properties. The model may be developed further for validation of experimental data.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Chemical and Engineering Data
Volume62
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)2842–2854
ISSN0021-9568
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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