Regulations affecting recreational fishing and hunting of marine species and maritime traffic in Øresund

Anna Jorgensen*, David Lusseau*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Book/ReportReportCommissioned

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Abstract

Executing environmental ambitions and targets determined by a complex set of laws and rules can be challenging. This challenge is further complicated in border regions where management actions need to account for rules and laws emerging in multiple countries. Denmark and Sweden are two countries that face these types of challenges, where their maritime boundary meets within the Øresund strait. They are also member States of the European Union and therefore EU legislation influences national legislation governing marine activities. This shared legislative framework can create opportunities to harmonise environmental management actions in this border region, but that will depend on how EU legislation is interpreted nationally. Here we aim to investigate how Danish and Swedish legal acts pertaining to the fisheries, hunting, and maritime sectors, compare in terms of similar or different management instruments in addition to how they interact with EU legislation. Using keyword search queries and citation networks, we found differences and similarities in how countries interpret international agreements for their own national policies. Difference may be related to different management approaches to regulate marine activities, with Denmark having a more centralized approach and Sweden diverging in management based on private and public land and waters. There are differences in the governing bodies implementing the same EU legislation between the two countries possibly leading to different interpretations and thus hurdles to harmonisation. Both countries use similar instruments to manage marine activities, but with differing targets. Particularly, we find there can be differences in recreational fishing minimum catch sizes and closed fishing periods, along with variations in bird hunting seasons in the Øresund region. While the differences may be small, the policy argumentative context in which they take place might lead to complications for those to be harmonised. This is because how governing authorities manage and set targets (i.e., habitat restoration, population sizes, environmental markers etc.) can differ across borders even when they interpret the same European legislation. Finally, Sweden has legal opportunities to use territorial user rights schemes for fisheries which Denmark seems to lack. This places a difference in fisheries management approaches that can be achieved simultaneously between the two countries. We identify challenges and opportunities to jointly reach international environmental agreements and targets in this border region.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationKgs. Lyngby, Denmark
PublisherDTU Aqua
Number of pages47
ISBN (Electronic)978-87-7481-347-7
Publication statusPublished - 2023
SeriesDTU Aqua-rapport
Number417-2023
ISSN1395-8216

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