Regulation of amino-acid metabolism controls flux to lipid accumulation in Yarrowia lipolytica

Eduard J. Kerkhoven, Kyle R. Pomraning, Scott E. Baker, Jens Nielsen

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Abstract

Yarrowia lipolytica is a promising microbial cell factory for the production of lipids to be used as fuels and chemicals, but there are few studies on regulation of its metabolism. Here we performed the first integrated data analysis of Y. lipolytica grown in carbon and nitrogen limited chemostat cultures. We first reconstructed a genome-scale metabolic model and used this for integrative analysis of multilevel omics data. Metabolite profiling and lipidomics was used to quantify the cellular physiology, while regulatory changes were measured using RNAseq. Analysis of the data showed that lipid accumulation in Y. lipolytica does not involve transcriptional regulation of lipid metabolism but is associated with regulation of amino-acid biosynthesis, resulting in redirection of carbon flux during nitrogen limitation from amino acids to lipids. Lipid accumulation in Y. lipolytica at nitrogen limitation is similar to the overflow metabolism observed in many other microorganisms, e.g. ethanol production by Sacchromyces cerevisiae at nitrogen limitation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number16005
Journaln p j Systems Biology and Applications
Volume2
Number of pages7
ISSN2056-7189
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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