Regulating Power from Supermarket Refrigeration

Niamh O'Connell, Henrik Madsen, Pierre Pinson, Mark O'Malley, Torben Green

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


This paper presents an analysis of the demand response capabilities of a supermarket refrigeration system, with a particular focus on the suitability for participation in the regulating power market. An ARMAX model of a supermarket refrigeration system is identified using experimental data from the Danfoss refrigeration test centre. The complexities of modelling demand response are demonstrated through simulation. Simulations are conducted by placing the identified model in a direct-control demand response architecture, with power reference tracking using model predictive control. The energylimited nature of demand response from refrigeration is identified as the key consideration when considering participation in the regulating power market. It is demonstrated that by restricting the operating regions of the supermarket refrigeration system, a simple relationship can be found between the available up- or down-regulation power, and the duration for which the service can be sustained. The available demand response resource within these operational restrictions is reduced from the optimised physical capabilities. The benefit of these restrictions is that the available demand response can be represented in a manner that is sufficiently simple to communicate to a market operator in the form of a bid for the provision of regulating power.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the IEEE ISGT Europe 2014
Number of pages6
Publication date2014
Article number0414
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event2014 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, Europe - Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: 12 Oct 201415 Oct 2014
Conference number: 5


Conference2014 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, Europe
LocationIstanbul Technical University
Internet address


Dive into the research topics of 'Regulating Power from Supermarket Refrigeration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this