Regressional modeling of electrodialytic removal of Cu, Cr and As from CCA treated timber waste: Application to sawdust

E.E. Moreira, Alexandra B. Ribeiro, Eduardo Mateus, J. T. Mexia, Lisbeth M. Ottosen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Waste of wood treated with chromated copper arsenate (CCA) is expected to increase in volume over the next decades. Alternative disposal options to landfilling are becoming more attractive to study, especially those that promote re-use. The authors have studied and modeled the electrodialytic (ED) removal of Cu, Cr and As from CCA treated timber waste. The method uses a low-level direct current as the cleaning agent, combining the electrokinetic movement of ions in the matrix with the principle of electrodialysis. The technique was tested in eight experiments using a laboratory cell on sawdust of out-of-service CCA treated Pinus pinaster Ait. poles. The experiments differ because the sawdust was saturated with different assisting agents and different percentages of them. In order to select the best assisting agent in jointly removing the three metals and subsequently the best percentage of the selected assistant agent, a statistical analysis was made. First, three experiments were selected as being the best. Second, for the selected experiments, a polynomial model was found to describe the time evolution of the total concentrations of each metal in the electrolytes. Based on this modeling, a multi-treatment regression approach was further used to select the final range of experiments.
Original languageEnglish
JournalWood Science and Technology
Volume39
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)291-309
ISSN0043-7719
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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