Regional Arctic observations of TEC gradients and scintillations

Tibor Durgonics, Per Høeg, Hans-Henrik von Benzon

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Abstract

There has been a growing scientific interest in the Arctic ionospheric properties and variations during the recentyears. However, our understanding of the fundamental ionospheric processes present in this area is still incomplete.Today GNSS networks present in Greenland make it possible to acquire near-real time observations of the stateand variations of the high-latitude ionosphere. This data can be employed to obtain relevant geophysical variablesand statistics. In our study GPS-derived total electron content (TEC) measurements have been complemented with amplitudescintillation indices (S4), and phase scintillation indices (σϕ) The investigation of relations of these geophysical variables can lead to possible new ways to study the underlying processes and to build tools for monitoring and predicting Arctic TEC and scintillation large-scale patterns. A number of specific ionosphere events will be presented and the underlying geophysical process will be identified and described. Especially results where large-scale gradients in the regional TEC are compared with the growth of scintillations.The statistics of the scintillations will be investigated, with emphasis on how well the scintillations follow the Nakagami-m distribution. The spectra of both the intensities and phase will be calculated, and the corner frequency of these spectra will also be determined. These corner frequencies will be used to compute a number ofimportant geophysical and ionospheric parameters. Furthermore, we will discuss how the spectral characteristicsof the scintillations during large TEC gradients vary, and how values of the power spectra slopes change during increasing scintillations. These values will be validated against values found in prior studies. TEC and scintillation time-series and maps will also be presented over the Greenlandic region. We will show how the expansion of theauroral oval during geomagnetic storms can be detected from GNSS-derived data. We will then investigate thecorrelation between TEC and ionospheric indices.
Original languageEnglish
JournalGeophysical Research Abstracts
Volume17
Number of pages1
ISSN1607-7962
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventEuropean Geosciences Union General Assembly 2015 - Austria Center Vienna , Vienna, Austria
Duration: 12 Apr 201517 Apr 2015
http://www.egu2015.eu/egu_today.html

Conference

ConferenceEuropean Geosciences Union General Assembly 2015
LocationAustria Center Vienna
CountryAustria
CityVienna
Period12/04/201517/04/2015
Internet address

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