REGENERATIVE GAS TURBINES WITH DIVIDED EXPANSION

Brian Elmegaard, Einar Bjørn Qvale

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Recuperated gas turbines are currently drawing an increased attention due to the recent commercialization of micro gas turbines with recuperation. This system may reach a high efficiency even for the small units of less than 100 kW. In order to improve the economics of the plants, ways to improve their efficiency are always of interest. Recently, two independent studies have proposed recuperated gas turbines to be configured with the turbine expansion divided, in order to obtain higher efficiency. The idea is to operate the system with a gas generator and a power turbine, and use the gas from the gas generator part for recuperation ahead of the expansion in the power turbine. The present study is more complete than the predecessors in that the ranges of the parameters have been extended and the mathematical model is more realistic using an extensive simulation program. It is confirmed that the proposed divided expansion can be advantageous under certain circumstances. But, in order for todays micro gas turbines to be competitive, the thermodynamic efficiencies will have to be rather high. This requires that all component efficiencies including the recuperator effectiveness will have to be high. The advantages of the divided expansion manifest themselves over a rather limited range of the operating parameters, that lies outside the range required to make modern micro turbines economically competitive.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME Turbo Expo
EditorsTony Strazisar
Place of PublicationVienna
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
Publication date2004
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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