Refrigeration plants using carbon dioxide as refrigerant: measuring and modelling the solubility and diffusion of carbon dioxide in polymers used as sealing materials

Nicolas von Solms, Jakob Kristensen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Because of increased environmental pressure, there is currently a movement away from more traditional refrigerants such as HCFC's toward refrigerants with lower global warming potential such as carbon dioxide (CO2). However, the use of CO2 as a refrigerant requires a refrigeration cycle with greater extremes of pressure, placing greater demands on the polymer materials used for seals and packing. In this work we have measured the solubility and diffusivity of gaseous CO2 in two polymers used as sealing materials in CO2 refrigeration plants. These are Hydrogenated Nitrile Butadiene Rubber (HNBR) and Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM) which are used in seals such as O-rings. The experiments were performed on a high-pressure microbalance. Solubility results were modelled using an equation of state for polymers (simplified PC-SAFT). The necessary polymer parameters were obtained using a previously published method. The measured results can be successfully correlated using simplified PC-SAFT.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
Volume33
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)19-25
ISSN0140-7007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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