Reduction of Emissions Along the Intermodal Container Chain

Christos A. Kontovas, Harilaos N. Psaraftis

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review


Emissions from commercial shipping are currently the subject of intense scrutiny. Among the top fuel consuming categories of ships and hence air polluters are container vessels. The main reason is their high service speed. Lately speed reduction has become a very popular operational measure to reduce fuel consumption and can obviously be used to curb emissions.This paper examines such an operational scenario. Since time at sea increases with slow steaming, there is a parallel and strong interest to investigate possible ways to decrease time in port. One way to do so is to reduce port service time. Another possible way to minimize disruption and maximize efficiency is the prompt berthing of vessels upon arrival. To that effect, a related berthing policy is investigated as a measure to reduce waiting time. The objective of reducing emissions along the intermodal container chain is investigated vis-à-vis reduction in operational costs and other service attributes. Some illustrative examples are presented.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2010
Number of pages18
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Association of Maritime Economists Conference (IAME 2010) - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 7 Jul 201010 Jul 2010


ConferenceInternational Association of Maritime Economists Conference (IAME 2010)


  • Green Logistics
  • Ship Air Emissions
  • Container Transportation


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