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A nickel/spinel (Ni/MgAl2O4) catalyst, w(Ni) = 22 wt%, was investigated in situ during reduction with wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) in a laboratory setup and with anomalous small angle X-ray scattering (ASAXS) at a synchrotron source. Complementary high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) was performed on the fresh catalyst sample. The Ni particles in the fresh catalyst sample were observed to exhibit a Ni/NiO core/shell structure. A decrease of the Ni lattice parameter is observed during the reduction in a temperature interval from 413 – 453 K, which can be related to the reduction of the NiO shell, whereby stress due to the lattice mismatch of Ni and NiO is relieved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Part C
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)1424–1432
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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