Recycling of MSWI fly ash in clay bricks-effect of washing and electrodialytic treatment

Wan Chen, Ewa Klupsch, Gunvor Marie Kirkelund, Pernille Erland Jensen, Lisbeth M. Ottosen, C. Dias-Ferreira

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Fly ash generated from municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) is a hazardous waste due to presence and leachability of heavy metals and organic pollutants (e.g. dioxins and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons). In 2000, approximately 25 Mt/year of fly ash was generated in USA, Japan and EU (Reijnders 2005). Electrodialytic remediation (EDR) is one technique for MSWI fly ash treatment (Ferreira et al. 2005), where an electric DC field is applied to an ash-water suspension to extract and separate heavy metal by migration towards anode or cathode through ion exchange membranes. Ferreira et al. (2008) observed that in MSWI ash treated by water washing and EDR, metals were mainly in the strongly bonded and residual phases, indicating a reduction in the ash’s environmental risk. Belmonte et al. (2016) made Greenlandic bricks (∼2 g discs) containing 20% and 40% of EDR treated MSWI fly ash, and found that bricks had a low durability and high leaching of As and Cr. In the present study, fired fly ash-clay bricks with a larger size and with lower EDR-treated ash (water-washed before EDR) contents (5%, 10% and 20%) were made and characterized. These bricks were compared with 100% clay bricks and with bricks made from original MSWI fly ash at 20% substitution rate. The feasibility of incorporation of MSWI fly ash treated by combined washing and EDR in production of sintered clay bricks was investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWASTES – Solutions, Treatments and Opportunities II
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Publication date2017
ISBN (Electronic)9781351796231
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event4th International Conference WASTES: Solutions, Treatments and Opportunities - Porto, Portugal
Duration: 25 Sep 201726 Sep 2017
Conference number: 4


Conference4th International Conference WASTES


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