Reconstruction of Last Glacial to early Holocene monsoon variability from relict lake sediments of the Higher Central Himalaya, Uttrakhand, India

N. Juyal, R.K. Pant, N. Basavaiah, Mayank Jain, N.K. Saini, M.G. Yadava, A.K. Singhvi

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Proglacial lake sediments at Goting in the Higher Central Himalaya were analyzed to reconstruct the summer monsoon variability during the Last Glacial to early Holocene. Sedimentary structures, high resolution mineral magnetic and geochemical data suggest that the lacustrine environment experienced fluctuating monsoonal conditions. Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating indicates that the lake sedimentation occurred before 25 ka and continued after 13 ka. During this period, Goting basin witnessed moderate to strengthened monsoon conditions around 25 ka, 23.5 ka–22.5 ka, 22 ka–18 ka, 17 ka–16.5 ka and after14.5–13 ka. The Last Glacial phase ended with the deposition of outwash gravel dated at 11 ka indicating glacial retreat and the onset of Holocene condition. Additionally, centennial scale fluctuations between 16.5 ka and 12.7 ka in the magnetic and geochemical data are seen. A close correspondence at the millennial scale between our data and that of continental and marine records from the Indian sub-continent suggests that Goting basin responded to periods of strengthened monsoon during the Last Glacial to early Holocene. We attribute the millennial scale monsoon variability to climatic instability in higher northern latitudes. However, centennial scale abrupt changes are attributed to the result of albedo changes on the Himalaya and Tibetan plateau.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Asian Earth Sciences
    Volume34
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)437-449
    ISSN1367-9120
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Keywords

    • Higher Himalaya
    • Lake sediment
    • Monsoon
    • Mineral Magnetism
    • Geochemistry
    • Last Glacial
    • Optical Dating

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