Rechargeable organic-air redox flow batteries

P. Leung, D. Aili, Q. Xu, A. Rodchanarowan, A. A. Shah*

*Corresponding author for this work

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A rechargeable organic-air flow battery based on aqueous electrolytes is proposed and tests are conducted in a divided cell with a three-electrode configuration. Quinoxaline is used as the negative redox couple due to its low electrode potential of c.a. -0.9 V vs. Hg|HgO in aqueous electrolytes. High-surface-area nickel mesh and manganese-dioxide electrodes were employed for oxygen evolution and reduction, respectively, together with a low-cost hydroxide doped polybenzimidazole (m-PBI) separator (c.a. 20 m). In typical alkaline electrolytes (2 M NaOH), the open-circuit voltage of the flow battery was c.a. 0.95 V, which is comparable to existing organic-based batteries. The average charge and discharge cell voltage ranges at 5-10 mA cm(-2) were 1.7-1.95 V and 0.4-0.7 V, respectively. Despite using low-cost materials, average coulombic and energy efficiencies of the batteries were c.a. 81 and 25%, respectively, at 7.5 mA cm(-2) over 20 cycles.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSustainable Energy & Fuels
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)2252-2259
Publication statusPublished - 2018


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