Cosmological and astrophysical surveys from radio to far-infrared, in both temperature and polarization, offer a unique view of the universe properties and of the formation and evolution of its structures. The last release, close to be finalized, of the Planck mission results sets the scene for cosmological models and parameters, while the comparison with other types of data sets raises the issue of possible tensions about some parameters, first of all the Hubble constant. At the same time, on the extragalactic side, Planck carried out the deepest systematic all-sky survey of SZ galaxy clusters and detected thousands of dusty galaxies and many hundreds of extragalactic radio sources, also allowing us to investigate many specific topics, including molecular hydrogen clouds in galactic halos. The exploitation of future generation of CMB missions and the next radio facilities will allow us to deeply investigate several topics in cosmology and astrophysics, from the existence of primordial gravitational waves to the energy releases in the primeval plasma, from the dawn ages and the epoch of reionization to the formation and evolution of early galaxies and clusters, while a wide set of open astrophysical problems can be studied with future IR missions.
Bibliographical noteBased on talk presented at the Fifteenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting on General Relativity, Rome, July 2018.
Burigana, C., De Zotti, G., Fialkov, A., Qadir, A., Trombetti, T., Bonato, M., Negrello, M., Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U., & Tahir, N. (2019). Recent results and perspectives on cosmic backgrounds from radio to far-infrared. International Journal of Modern Physics D, 28(12), [1930021 ]. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218271819300210