Reactive mass transport in concrete including for gaseous constituents using a two-phase moisture transport approach

Mouadh Addassi*, Björn Johannesson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This article presents the further development of a tool for multi-phase reactive mass transport modeling for durability estimation of cement-based materials, by the addition of the gas phase, adopting a truly separate two-phase moisture transport approach. The governing system of equations are based on physically sound hybrid mixture based version of the Poisson-Nernst-Planck system of equations including gaseous transport in the air-filled space, ionic transport in the liquid phase, electro-migration of ionic species, a two-phase moisture transport model, and sorption. The addition of the gas phase and the two-phase moisture description enables the user of the model to investigate individual and combined effects of different degradation processes in unsaturated systems. The altering of hydrated cement under three different environments were studied representing an accelerated carbonation environment, a submerged marine environment and a cyclic drying-wetting zone in a marine environment, to illustrate some of the model’s capabilities.
Original languageEnglish
Article number117148
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Durability
  • Reactive transport modeling
  • Gas phase
  • Moisture transport

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