Rapid Newcastle Disease Virus Detection Based on Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification and Optomagnetic Readout

Bo Tian, Jing Ma, Teresa Zardán Gómez de la Torre, Ádám Bálint, Marco Donolato, Mikkel Fougt Hansen, Peter Svedlindh, Mattias Strömberg

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    Abstract

    Rapid and sensitive diagnostic methods based on isothermal amplification are ideal substitutes for PCR in out-of-lab settings. However, there are bottlenecks in terms of establishing low-cost and user-friendly readout methods for isothermal amplification schemes. Combining the high amplification efficiency of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) with an optomagnetic nanoparticle-based readout system, we demonstrate ultrasensitive and rapid detection of Newcastle disease virus RNA. Biotinylated amplicons of LAMP and reverse transcription LAMP (RT-LAMP) bind to streptavidin-coated magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) resulting in a dramatical increase in the hydrodynamic size of the MNPs. This increase was measured by an optomagnetic readout system and provided quantitative information on the amount of LAMP target sequence. Our assay resulted in a limit of detection of 10 aM of target sequence with a total assay time of 30 min. The assay has also been tested on clinical samples (vaccine and tissue specimens) with a performance comparable to real-time RT-PCR. By changing the LAMP primers, this strategy can serve as a general method for the detection of other DNA/RNA targets with high specificity and sensitivity.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalSensors
    Volume1
    Issue number10
    Pages (from-to)1228-1234
    Number of pages7
    ISSN1424-8220
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Bibliographical note

    This is an open access article published under an ACS AuthorChoice License, which permits copying and redistribution of the article or any adaptations for non-commercial purposes.

    Keywords

    • Out-of-lab diagnostics
    • Newcastle disease virus
    • Loop-mediated isothermal amplification
    • Optomagnetic bioassay
    • Magnetic nanoparticles

    Cite this

    Tian, B., Ma, J., Zardán Gómez de la Torre, T., Bálint, Á., Donolato, M., Hansen, M. F., Svedlindh, P., & Strömberg, M. (2016). Rapid Newcastle Disease Virus Detection Based on Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification and Optomagnetic Readout. Sensors, 1(10), 1228-1234. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssensors.6b00379